Breast Cancer- The Most Common Cancer in the UK
Breast cancer is the most common cancer in the uk
A scary fact is that 8 out of 10 women will get diagnosed with breast cancer at some point
And it’s not just women men can get it too
Approximately 400 men get diagnosed every single year in the uk and sadly half of these don’t survive as breast cancer is diagnosed late in men
At least a third of women do not self-check their breasts.
Being ‘Breast Aware’ is important. The more frequently that women check their breasts the more likely they are to pick up problems early
More people are being diagnosed with breast cancer than ever before but survival rates are improving, probably as a result of improved treatment and earlier detection.
Breast Cancer Awareness month:
Breast Cancer Awareness Month takes place every October to promote the importance of breast awareness and highlight the issues facing people affected by breast cancer and is supported by various breast cancer charities. Breast Cancer Awareness Month started in the early 1990s in the USA when Evelyn Lauder introduced the idea. Cancer charities use October to help bring breast cancer to the forefront of people’s minds and to the top of the health agenda in this country.
Breast Cancer Care Campaign:
Breast Cancer Care has launched a campaign which, through images and stories of different women posing to reveal their mastectomy scars, shows that it can be possible to find confidence after breast cancer and that there is support available. Breast Cancer Care is the only specialist breast cancer support charity working throughout the UK.
How to check your breasts:
Most cases of breast cancer are found by women noticing unusual changes, taking the initiative and visiting their doctor. The earlier breast cancer is found, the better the chance of beating it – so it is important it is to make regular checks. The TLC method is used to help spot abnormalities in breasts as early as possible: TOUCH your breasts. Can you feel anything unusual? LOOK for changes. Is there any change in shape or texture? CHECK anything unusual with your doctor.
More information about Breast Cancer:
There are several different types of breast cancer, which can develop in different parts of the breast. Breast cancer is often divided into non-invasive and invasive types.
Non-invasive breast cancer
Non-invasive breast cancer is also known as cancer or carcinoma in situ. This cancer is found in the ducts of the breast and has not developed the ability to spread outside the breast. This form of cancer rarely shows as a lump in the breast and is usually found on a mammogram. The most common type of non-invasive cancer is ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS).
Invasive breast cancer
Invasive cancer has the ability to spread outside the breast, although this does not mean it necessarily has spread. The most common form of breast cancer is invasive ductal breast cancer, which develops in the cells that line the breast ducts. Invasive ductal breast cancer accounts for about 80% of all cases of breast cancer and is sometimes called ‘no special type’.
Other types of breast cancer
Other less common types of breast cancer include invasive lobular breast cancer, which develops in the cells that line the milk-producing lobules, inflammatory breast cancer and Paget’s disease of the breast. It is possible for breast cancer to spread to other parts of the body, usually through the lymph nodes (small glands that filter bacteria from the body) or the bloodstream. If this happens, it is known as secondary or metastatic breast cancer
Can we prevent it ?
We think that some cases of breast cancer can be linked to your genetics but we know that certain things can increase our risk of getting breast cancer including:
Improving these areas of your health could significantly reduce your risks
Breast Cancer and Diet:
Obesity raises risk of dying through breast cancer by 30% and physical activity prevents risk of dying by 30%. Diet wise it to recommended to limit consumption of energy-dense foods and avoid sugary drinks. Eat mostly foods of plant origin. Limit intake of red meat and avoid processed meat. Limit alcoholic drinks. Limit consumption of salt and avoid mouldy cereals (grains) or pulses (legumes). Dieticians suggest eating oily fish, soya, wholegrain pasta and brightly coloured fruit and vegetables.
How is breast cancer Diagnosed?
As mentioned before, the first step is to check your breasts regularly, at least once a month and to report any changes to your Dr.
Women who have a higher-than-average risk of developing breast cancer ( for example a strong family history of breast cancer ) may be offered screening and genetic testing for the condition.
As the risk of breast cancer increases with age, all women aged 50–70 are invited for breast cancer screening every three years. Women over 70 are also entitled to screening and can arrange an appointment through their GP or local screening unit.
How is Breast Cancer Treated?
Breast cancer is treated using a combination of surgery, chemotherapy and radiotherapy. Some cases of breast cancer may also be treated using biological or hormone treatments.
Being diagnosed with breast cancer can affect daily life in many ways. However, there is support available for many aspects of living with breast cancer including emotional, financial and long-term health issues.
One in nine women are affected by breast cancer during their lifetime. There is a good chance of recovery if it is detected in its early stages. For this reason, it is vital that women check their breasts regularly for any changes and always get any changes examined by their GP.
Reconstruction surgery: Reconstruction surgery can be carried out at the same time as your mastectomy (immediate reconstruction), but this isn’t always possible. Reconstruction surgery can be carried out some time after initial mastectomy surgery. This is called delayed reconstruction. These are prosthetic reconstruction, where artificial implants are used, and autogenous, where tissue from elsewhere in the woman’s body is used to create the breast mound.